The Bottlenose Dolphin or otherwise called Tursiops Truncatus. These dolphins are very social animals and live in small groups called pods, there can be up to 12 in a pod. Many pods get together often forming a huge group of what could be a hundred of dolphins. The bottlenose dolphins have a long snout have a tall dorsal fin with wide slightly pointed flippers with a rounded head and well proportioned body. This type of dolphin can grow to be as large as 12 feet (3.7 m) long. These beautiful creatures hunt for fish and squid on the surface of the water. Their many pairs of sharp pointy teeth at least 18-26 pairs! Make this an easy task. Surprisingly even though they have so many sharp teeth dolphins do not chew their food. They prefer to swallow the fish whole, and they can eat up to 15 kg’s a day! Dolphins can go deep in the water more than 1,000 feet... That’s 300 metres! And they can even jump 20 feet in the air which is 6 metres! Dolphins breathe air through a hole in the top of their head called the blowhole, they need to breathe about every 2 minutes but they can hold their breath for several minutes.
Dolphins are intelligent, even cheeky animals and enjoy hitching a ride in the bow wave in front of a ship. When the dolphin surfs using the pressure created in front of a moving ship this is called bow riding. Many people have said that dolphins have a magical healing power. This hasn’t been scientifically proven. But, anyone that has spent time with these large, intelligent and beautiful animals, have described their experience as exhilarating and inspiring. Female dolphins can become mothers between 5 – 12 years. A female dolphin is pregnant for a year, the calf is then born in the water, the young then suckles for about 1 1/2 years and the young stays with the mother for a further 4 years, a baby dolphin is called a calf. Dolphins can see both in and out of water and by making clicking sounds (pulses of ultrasonic sound) and waiting for it to "bounce back" off objects, dolphins can create a "picture" of their surrounds (depending on how long it takes for the click echo to return) This echo-location is primarily used for the locating and hunting of prey. Dolphins are very fast swimmers and they can swim up to 37 km/hour but normally like to swim at around 10 km/hour.